The .TS file format is used to broadcast high-definition TV (HDTV) - it is specifically designed for less reliable transmission and broadcast fits well with this. When the signal gets degraded the transport stream (TS) can handle error correction and stream synchronization issues much better than other formats.
Transport stream (TS) is specified in MPEG-2, and it is a standard format for transmission and storage of audio, video, and data, and is used in broadcast systems such as DVB and ATSC. Various elements make up a transport stream - namely; Packet - A packet is the basic unit of data in a transport stream, PID - Each table or elementary stream in a transport stream is identified by a 13-bit packet ID (PID), Programs - Transport stream has a concept of programs. Each single program is described by a Program Map Table (PMT) which has a unique PID, Program Specific Information(PSI) - There are 4 PSI tables: Program Association (PAT), Program Map (PMT), Conditional Access (CAT), and Network Information (NIT), PAT - PAT stands for Program Association Table. It lists all programs available in the transport stream, PMT - Program Map Tables (PMTs) contain information about programs, PCR - To enable a decoder to present synchronized content, such as audio tracks matching the associated video, at least once each 100 ms a Program Clock Reference, or PCR is transmitted in the adaptation field of an MPEG-2 transport stream packet
AVI stands for Audio Video Interleave. Files of this format have an .avi extension. Developed by Microsoft in 1992, it has become so widespread that many people consider it the de-facto standard for storing video and audio information on PC. AVI combines audio and video into a single file in a standard container to allow simultaneous playback. Its advatage is a simple architecture, due to which AVI runs on a number of different systems like Windows, Mac, Linux, Unix and is supported by all of the most popular web-browsers.'
AVI is a derivative of the Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF), which divides a file's data into blocks, or chunks. Each chunk is identified by a FourCC tag. An AVI file takes the form of a single chunk in a RIFF formatted file, which is then subdivided into two mandatory chunks and one optional chunk. The first sub-chunk is identified by the hdrl tag. This sub-chunk is the file header and contains metadata about the video, such as its width, height and frame rate. The second sub-chunk is identified by the movi tag. This chunk contains the actual audio/visual data that make up the AVI movie. The third optional sub-chunk is identified by the idx1 tag which indexes the offsets of the data chunks within the file.
ALLPlayer Apple QuickTime Player Microsoft Windows Media Player VideoLAN VLC Media Player