The FictionBook 2.0 file format was developed in Russia and gained popularity there. Whereas other eBook formats contain multiple XML files an FB2 file contains just one. The format is DRM free and is open source. As the name suggests, FB2 files often contain fiction eBooks, however this is not a technical restriction. The format was designed to enable the file to be converted to other file types relatively easily.
The FB2 file contains a tagged structure that allows software applications to interpret and render the content accordingly. This means that elements such as quotations and subtitles can be defined, in addition to formatting such as bold, italic or underline. Typically, an FB2 file contains the Stylesheet, Description and Body. All text to be displayed is contained within the Body section which uses a nested structure to allow subsections and paragraphs to be defined.
The .txt file extension is one of the most ubiquitous file types. The file generally consists of plain text only and contains no formatting. Almost any application that can handle text can open a .txt file. As a result this format remains popular due to its support across all platforms and Operating Systems. The file type is one of the oldest file types in existence with its origins tracing back to the first computers.
A .txt file normally uses a basic character set which contains letters, numbers and symbols. A typical example of this would be the ASCII character set. The main alternative to ASCII is Unicode. Unicode is a rival format for text files. A plain text file should only contain several non-printable charaters such as new lines, tab and form feed.