The FictionBook 2.0 file format was developed in Russia and gained popularity there. Whereas other eBook formats contain multiple XML files an FB2 file contains just one. The format is DRM free and is open source. As the name suggests, FB2 files often contain fiction eBooks, however this is not a technical restriction. The format was designed to enable the file to be converted to other file types relatively easily.
The FB2 file contains a tagged structure that allows software applications to interpret and render the content accordingly. This means that elements such as quotations and subtitles can be defined, in addition to formatting such as bold, italic or underline. Typically, an FB2 file contains the Stylesheet, Description and Body. All text to be displayed is contained within the Body section which uses a nested structure to allow subsections and paragraphs to be defined.
The file type .mobi is an eBook format created by a French eBook company called Mobipocket which created a free software application for multiple devices including PDAs, smartphones and tablet devices. The company was bought by Amazon in 2005 and the support of the .mobi file extension was officially discontinued in 2011 with the AZW format superseding it.
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