Doc (an abbreviation of document) is a file extension for word processing documents; it is associated mainly with Microsoft and their Microsoft Word application. Historically, it was used for documentation in plain-text format, particularly of programs or computer hardware, on a wide range of operating systems. Almost everyone would have used the doc file format, whenever you write a letter, do some work or generally write on your PC you will use the doc file format. It was in the 1990s that Microsoft chose the doc extension for their proprietary Microsoft Word processing formats. As PC technology has grown the original uses for the extension have become less important and have largely disappeared from the PC world.
Early versions of the doc file format contained mostly formatted text, however development of the format has allowed doc files to contain a wide variety of embedded objects such as charts and tables from other applications as well as media such as videos, images, sounds and diagrams. doc files can also contain mail merge information, which allows a word-processed template to be used in conjunction with a spreadsheet or database.
AbiWord Apple Pages AppleWorks KWord Microsoft Word StarOffice
Developed in 1982 by Adobe Systems, the .ps extension is a file type used by the publishing industry. Prior to the development of PostScript, it was not possible to print images and text on the same page. Postscript addressed this by defining a language that allowed applications to instruct the printer how to display objects on the page. This file type revolutionised publishing allowing certain curved items to be printed that previously could only be printed on specialist CAD printers. Although no longer as popular or common as it was historically, it is still an important file type.
PostScript is actually a programming language as well as a file type. Typically files are created by applications such as Adobe Acrobat or Quark Xpress. Now a legacy file format, most printers and programs continue to support this format, with the only pre-requisite being a printer utility that supports PostScript. The file basically contains a set of instructions that tell the printer what to print and provide the co-ordinates on the page of where an object or text should be printed.